Resource access, land tenure and food security are extremely relevant in the Paraguay-Brazil borderlands because land-use change driven by expanding global demand for biofuel feedstocks has driven a rapid expansion in the production of soy (and to a lesser degree corn and sugarcane) in Paraguay, resulting in high rates of deforestation and increased environmental and social challenges for indigenous peoples there. Considering this situation, I am presently pursuing research related to the following questions – In what ways do agrofuel production in the Paraguay-Brazil borderlands impact human and environmental ecologies? How is climate change mitigation contributing to the neo-liberalization of nature and leading to new forms of environmental governance? How do these projects create challenges and/or opportunities for social mobilization and environmental equity on the part of indigenous peoples? This research is theoretically informed by contributions from critical approaches to human geography and critiques of development as well as political ecology.
I am committed to supporting social and environmental justice through multi-disciplinary research, collaborative networks, and praxis. As such, I have spent much of my life learning about environmental degradation and social marginalization through professional work experiences and applied research. My commitment to finding ways to increase social and environmental justice through engaged research is informed by these experiences: working with community groups in Nogales, Mexico to identify alternative means to stem solid waste pollution by creating housing materials from ‘papercrete’, promoting sustainable agriculture in Southern Arizona, leading educational outreach trips to Kenya to teach about socio-environmental issues there, helping to manage a small non-profit responsible for operating an orphanage in Malindi, Kenya, investigating relationships between climate and vegetation in Tibet, researching the impacts and efficacy of Fair Trade for an indigenous producer group in Paraguay, and cycling 5,000 miles through South America to promote and raise funds for an education initiative in Paraguay. My experience as a Peace Corps volunteer in Paraguay, however, solidified my commitment to addressing these issues. During the two years I worked as an agricultural extension volunteer with the Peace Corps, I lived in a small, rural community and became deeply invested in issues of land politics, social mobilization, agriculture, food security, and development in Latin America.
Joel received a Fulbright-Hays Doctoral Dissertation Research Abroad Fellowship to support his dissertation fieldwork in Paraguay from February 2014 to January 2015. His research comprises a comparative case study of three Inter-American Court of Human Rights cases in favor of indigenous territorial claims in the Paraguayan Chaco. The study draws from political ecology, legal geography, and cultural geography to question how the process of making territorial claims before the Court renders identity and territory governable by the state in new ways, and will advance debates on the “territorial turn”, indigenous rights and the role of the Court, and cultural politics in Latin America. [Updated November 2014]